Ph.D. Octopus

Politics, media, music, capitalism, scholarship, and ephemera since 2010

On Christopher Hitchens

with 6 comments

by David

I suppose it’s fitting that Christopher Hitchens has passed away just as the American involvement in the recent Iraq War is coming to a close. To his critics, waiting less than 24 hours from his death to heap their scorn, the eloquent English-American essayists’ career should be defined largely, perhaps entirely by his last, and greatest monumental error, his support for the George W. Bush’s war on Saddam Hussein’s Iraq.

This conclusion is unfortunate. After all, Hitchens was not alone among liberal hawks who misguidedly supported Operation Iraqi Freedom: David Remnick, Salman Rushdie, Peter Beinart, Matt Yglesias, Ezra Klein, the list goes on. If we were to include people outside the public eye, well then I’d have count myself among the guilty. And I sure as hell hope that my error there won’t define whatever career I may have.

True, Hitchens was less repentant than some of the above liberals, never really admitting his mistake. But to call Hitchens a warmonger, as Corey Robin effectively does here, is to badly misinterpret the man’s words and legacy, and distort the complicated record of one of our generation’s greatest prose stylists.

Glenn Greenwald, like Robin, has joined in the Hitchens excoriation. Greenwald is certainly right that public figures should not get the benefit of societal etiquette that asks us not to speak ill of the dead. Their lives had a substantial impact on the world around them, and they should be be judged honestly and objectively, whether living or dead.

To condemn Hitchens as an articulate chicken-hawk, however, is to ignore not only the power of his prose, but also the essence of his intellectual commitments, which led him to error but also to enlightenment. In the waning years of his life, Hitchens turned his attention towards religion, an old foe that has stubbornly outlasted him, as it did Friedrich Nietzsche and so many other atheists before, and as it undoubtedly will again.

Some might say that Hitchens’ war on faith was an attempt to regain the good graces of his former comrades after his blunder on Iraq. I’d argue, however, that his support for the Iraq War  was entirely in line with his atheist credo, and that the former flowed from the latter. After all, it was not Saddam Hussein’s tyranny that led him to his endorsement of the War on Terror, but the attacks of September 11, 2001. Hitchens’ enemy was fundamentalist Islam, or what he soon began to call Islamofascism. He mistakenly associated Saddam Hussein’s Baathist regime with that same ideology, as many of us did. But the enemy, religious fundamentalism, remained the same. A former Trotskyist, Hitchens voted for George W. Bush in 2004, a religious fundamentalist himself, in order to fight what he deemed to be the greater threat to the rational, western civilization he adored.

In 2008, appalled by the anti-intellectual Christian fanaticism of the American right, he turned left, and voted for reason in the person of Barack Obama. This commitment to reason, to the enlightenment, occasionally led him astray. But it never made him boring. Unlike his former allies turned enemies, like Noam Chomsky, or Norman Finkelstein, Hitchens’ views cannot be charted in a straight line. Chomsky, on the morally right side of history so often, is tired and predictable, his response to every major political event the same, boiled down into four words: “It’s all America’s fault” (or occasionally Israel’s fault, but the Zionist State is nothing but an American stooge to him).

Hitchens was more complicated, and more often wrong, but in the end more intellectually flexible, which made him more interesting. He tended to hyperbole, but he was not a battle-hungry sadist. He had an ambiguous relationship to militarism, as many of us armchair warriors do. But he was not the bad man his critics make him out to be. He was not a perpetrator of bloody conflict. He was a writer, an intellectual, a man willing to gamble and change his mind and abandon political friends and stake out unpopular positions with vigor and gusto.

But there was a method to this madness, for he was also more than just a contrarian. To the day he died, Hitchens was an anti-Zionist, refusing to toe the line of the American Establishment. A left-wing Zionist myself, his attacks on the foundations of the Jewish State always irked me. Yet looking back on them now, I realize they were of the same vein as his support for the Iraq War, and his criticism of religion. He hated fanaticism, hated irrationality, hated stupidity, and lumped Zionism, rightly or wrongly, among those categories.

In American politics today, there is a stupid notion that you should vote for the candidate who you would most like to have a beer with. Some say this sentiment helped Dubya get elected twice. Personally, I’d rather sit down and chat with Obama than Bush, but I recognize my tastes lie outside the mainstream. Regardless, presidents should be judged on their platforms and policies, not their personalities.

But the same should not be true of writers. Sure, we should evaluate and engage with the content of their work. But writers invoke a style, adopt frames of reference, that render them either dull or attractive. The great Oscar Wilde, who Hitchens much admired, once said that “it is absurd to divide people into good or bad. People are either charming or tedious.” Chomsky, however righteous, is hardly charming. Hitchens, meanwhile, was not bad, and never tedious. And if we evaluate writers by the same silly standard that Americans use to measure politicians, well there are few writers I would have rather had a beer (or 12) with than Christopher Hitchens.

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Written by David Weinfeld

December 18, 2011 at 09:12

6 Responses

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  1. David: Nice piece. The problem with Hitchens, I think—as I’m learning more about him after death (as I so often do with people, thinkers, I should already know)—was that his form, charm, and style sometimes clouded his own hatred of irrationality and stupidity. Did you see the Salon piece by Alex Pareene on Hitchens? I think it goes to my point. Intellectuals, for better for for worse, dislike hypocrisy. Pareene feels that Hitchens’s hypocrisy may, in the end, have overshadowed his finer points. – TL

    Tim Lacy

    December 18, 2011 at 09:34

  2. Excellent post Ph.D. Octopus! But who do I think I am, telling you what have already known. Nevertheless, please allow me to say Mr. Christopher Hitchens was fallible like rest of us. However, he was not a phony like many of us. He said what he believed. He was not a flip-flopper, and he did not spoke out of both sides of his mouth. What you saw, was what you got from Mr. Hitchens. Too bad, he did not recognize or believed in God, the author and finisher or all things.

    Noel Williams

    December 18, 2011 at 11:03

  3. i agree that the whole “i’d like to have a beer with him” mentality of voting for a president is stupid. in fact, in general, the more i want to have a beer with you, the less qualified you are to be president. but i do think there is an important element of personality here – presidents need to be presidential, to inspire confidence in their ability to lead and interact with other world leaders in a way that doesn’t leave america eating alone in the UN cafeteria. Obama has this (for what it’s worth, as much as i like Obama, i think he’d be pretty boring at the bar). “charisma” Clinton did too, as did Bush 1 and Reagan. this is why Newt Gingrich is such a terrible candidate – though he’s probably a pretty smart guy, with a good understanding of domestic and world affairs, he is a loathsome person, a slimy egomaniac whom i wouldn’t trust to water my plants, much less lead the country.

    julie

    December 18, 2011 at 11:26

  4. he might have been an intellectual but he also an arsehead, idiot who hated muslims and therefore was happy that young iraqi/afghan children were being murdered and maimed because of his racist beliefs. good riddance!

    i’d take a humanitarian slow witt over these “intellectuals” any day of the week.

    simon lomax (@simjamlmx)

    December 22, 2011 at 04:51

    • Amen, Brother.

      What do you call a dead Christopher Hitchens? One less war monger.

      Robert Pentangelo

      January 18, 2012 at 10:37

  5. Christopher Hitchens was a beautiful mind who didn’t believe in an imagined deity, as so many people do, and this simple fact alone is why he receives comments like the above. It’s amazing how blind people can be. Yes, he hated Muslims, and had no problem admitting it, as he had no problem conceding his hate for Christians, Jews, and every other group associated with organized religion. And I would say his hate was rather justified.

    Killphilistines

    August 17, 2012 at 03:28


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